San Diego Natural History Museum--Your Nature ConnectionSDNHM Biodiversity Research Center of the Californias: Botany Department

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of San Diego County
4th Edition

Literature Cited
(in Preface and Documented Checklist)

Aldasoro, J. J., C. Navarro, P. Vargas, L. Saez, and C. Aedo. 2002. California, a new genus of Geraniaceae endemic to the southwest of North America. Anales Jardín Botánico De Madrid 59: 209-216.

Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 2003. Transfer of most North American species of Arabis to Boechera (Brassicaceae). Novon 13: 381-391.

Anderberg, A. A. 1991. Taxonomy and phylogeny of the tribe Gnaphalieae (Asteraceae). Opera Botanica 104: 1-195.

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 1998. An Ordinal Classification for the Families of Flowering Plants The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: 531-553.

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399-436.

Bailey, L. H. and E. Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third: A Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.

Baldwin, B. G. 1999. New combinations and new genera in the North American tarweeds (Compositae-Madiinae). Novon 9: 462-471.

Barkley, T. M. 1999. The segregates of Senecio, s.l. and Cacalia, s.l., in the Flora of North America North of Mexico. Sida 18: 661-672

Barneby, R. C. 1977. Daleae Imagines. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 27: 1-891.

Beauchamp, R. M. 1986. A Flora of San Diego County, California. Sweetwater River Press, National City, California.

Bogler, D. J., C. Pires, and J. Francisco-Ortega. 2006 (in press). Phylogeny of Agavaceae based on ndhF, rbcL, and its sequences: implications of molecular data for classification. Pages in Monocots: Comparative biology and evolution (J. T. Columbus, E. A. Friar, J. M. Porter, L. M. Prince, and M. G. Simpson, eds.). Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, California, U.S.A.

Boyd, S., and T. S. Ross. 1997. Sibaropsis (Brassicaceae), a new monotypic genus from southern California. Madroņo 44: 29-47.

Boyd, S. 1998. Arabis hirshbergiae (Brassicaceae), a narrow endemic from the Cuyamaca Mountains, San Diego County, California. Aliso 17: 205-207.

California Department of Fish and Game. July 2000. Natural Diversity Database. Special Plants List. Biannual publication, Mimeo. 136 pp.

California Native Plant Society. 2001. Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants of California. 6th edition; Rare Plant Scientific Advisory Committee, David P. Tibor, Convening Editor.

Chan, R. 2001. Taxonomic changes and a new species in Lasthenia sect. Amphiachaenia (Compositae: Heliantheae sensu lato). Madroņo 48: 205-210.

Clark, Curtis. 1998. New names and combinations in Encelia frutescens sensu lato (Asteraceae: Heliantheae). Aliso 17:201-202.

Elvin, M. A., and A. C. Sanders. 1993. A New Species of Monardella (Lamiaceae) from Baja California, Mexico, and Southern California, United States. Novon 13: 425-432.

Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford. Vol. 1: Introduction; Vol. 2: Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms; Vol. 3: Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae; Vol. 4: Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 1; Vol. 5: Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 2; Vol. 19: Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, Part 6: Asteraceae, Part 1; Vol. 20: Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, Part 7: Asteraceae, Part 2; Vol. 21: Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, Part 8: Asteraceae, Part 3; Vol. 22: Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae(in part), and Zingiberidae; Vol. 23: Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae; Vol. 25: Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2; Vol. 26: Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales.

Fritsch, P. W. 1996. Population structuring and patterns of morphological variation in Californian Styrax (Styracaceae). Aliso 14: 205-218.

Gentry, H. S. 1978. Agaves of Baja California. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences 130: 1-119.

Gottschling, M., H. H. Hilger, and N. Diane. 2001. Secondary structure of the ITS1 transcript and its application in a reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Boraginales. Plant Biology 3: 629-636.

Hess, W.J. & J. C. Dice. 1995. Nolina cismontana (Nolinaceae), a new species name for an old taxon. Novon 5: 162-164.

Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California (third printing with corrections, 1996). University of California Press, Berkeley.

Hirshberg, J., and D. Clemons. 1996. Vascular Plants of the Cuyamaca and Laguna Mountains, California. Phytologia 81: 69-102.

Joshua, D. and D. Nickrent. 2005. Molecular systematics of Santalaceae: phylogeny and classification of a paraphyletic family of hemiparasitic plants. In: Botany 2005, Austin, Texas (

Keeley, J. E., and A. Massihi. 1994. Arctostaphylos rainbowensis, a new burl-forming manzanita from northern San Diego County, California. Madrono 41: 1-12.

Lauri, R. K. 2004. A comparative floristic study of Palomar Mountain State Park. Master of Science Thesis, San Diego State University, San Diego, California.

Letschert J.P.W. 1993. Beta section Beta: biogeographical patterns of variation and taxonomy. Wageningen Agricultural University Papers 93: 153 pp.

Lindsay, G. 1996. The Taxonomy and Ecology of the Genus Ferocactus. Tireless Termites Press.

Marsden, K. L. and M. G. Simpson. 1999. Eryngium pendletonensis (Apiaceae), a new species from southern California. Madroņo 46: 61-64.

Miao, B., B. Turner, B. Simpson, and T. Mabry. 1995. Chloroplast DNA study of the genera Ambrosia s.l. and Hymenoclea (Asteraceae): systematic implications. Plant Systematics and Evolution 194: 241-255.

Moran, R. 2001. Fraxinus parryi, nom. nov., of NW Baja California, Mexico. Aliso 20: 17-20.

Nesom, G. L. 1994. Review of the taxonomy of Aster sensu lato (Asteraceae: Astereae), emphasizing the New World species. Phytologia 77: 141-297.

Nesom, G. L. 2004a. New Distribution records for Gamochaeta (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae) in the United States. Sida 21: 1175-1185.

Nesom, G. L. 2004b. Pseudognaphalium canescens (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae) and putative relatives in western North America. Sida 21: 781-783.

Olmstead, R. G., C. W. dePamphilis, A. D. Wolfe, N. D. Young, W. J. Elisons, and P. A. Reeves. 2001. Disintegration of the Scrophulariaceae. American Journal of Botany 88: 348-361.

Oxelman, B., P. Kornhall, R. C. Olmstead, and B. Bremer. 2005. Further disintegration of Scrophulariaceae. Taxon 54: 411-425.

Pires, J. C., I. J. Maureira, J. P. Rebman, G. A. Salazar, L. I. Cabrera, M. F. Fay, and M. W. Chase. 2004. Molecular data confirm the phylogenetic placement of the enigmatic Hesperocallis (Hesperocallidaceae) with Agave. Madroņo 51: 307-311.

Porter, J. M., and L. A. Johnson. 2000. A phylogenetic classification of Polemoniaceae. Aliso 19: 55-91.

Pryer, K. M., E. Schuettpelz, P. G. Wolf, H. Schneider, A. R. Smith, and R. Cranfill. 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of ferns (monilophytes) with a focus on the early leptosporangiate divergences. American Journal of Botany 91: 1582-1598.

Reveal, J. L. 2004. New entities in Eriogonum (Polygonaceae: Eriogonoideae). Phytologia 86: 121-159.

Roberts, F. M. 1995. Illustrated Guide to the Oaks of the Southern Californian Florisitic Province. F. M. Roberts Publications, Encinitas, California.

Saroyan, J. P., D. R. Parnell, and J. L. Strother. 2000. Revision of Corethrogyne (Compositae: Astereae). Madroņo 47: 89-96.

Semple, J. C. 1992. The goldenasters of California, Heterotheca (Compositae: Astereae): new names and combinations. Phytologia 73: 449-455.

Simpson, M. G., S. C. McMillan, and B. L. Stone. 1995. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of San Diego County. SDSU Herbarium Press, San Diego, California.

Simpson, M. G., S. C. McMillan, B. L. McMillan, J. Gibson, and J. P. Rebman. 1996. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of San Diego County. SDSU Herbarium Press, San Diego, California.

Simpson, M. G., and J. P. Rebman. 2001. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of San Diego County, 3rd edition. SDSU Herbarium Press, San Diego, California.

Simpson, M. G. 2006. Plant Systematics. Elsevier-Academic Press, New York.

Spellenberg, R., and R. R. Tijerina. 2001. Geographic variation and taxonomy of North American species of Mirabilis, section Oxybaphoides (Nyctaginaceae). Sida 19: 539-570.

Stearn, W. T. 1986. Nothoscordum gracile, the correct name of N. fragrans and N. inodorum of authors (Alliaceae). Taxon 35: 335–338.

Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: (

Strother, J. L., and B. G. Baldwin. 2002. Hymenocleas are ambrosias. Madroņo 49: 143-144.

Sundberg, S. D. 2004. New combinations in North American Symphyotrichum subgenus Astropolium (Asteraceae: Astereae). Sida 21: 903-910.

Thompson, D. M. 2005. Systematics of Mimulus subg. Schizoplacus (Scrophulariaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 75: 1-213.

Tulig, M. 2000. Morphological variation in Mimulus section Diplacus (Scrophulariaceae). Master of Science Thesis, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California.

Webster, G. L. 1992. Realignments in American Croton (Euphorbiaceae). Novon 2: 269-273.


CNPS Inventory Overview

CNPS Inventory - 6th Edition, Taxa Included

National Diversity Database PDF version (requires Adobe Acrobat plug-in)

Alphabetical Listing | Group Listing
Symbols Used in the Checklist
Checklist Introduction & Table of Contents
Botany Department | Field Guide