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CANINE CORNERCANINE CORNER
GLOSSARY
Artificial selection
The process of change and variation in a species by human intervention.
Body language
Communication without words. Dogs communicate using body postures, as well as vocalizations:
belly up—submission
tail out, hair raised, teeth bared—aggression
forequarters lowered—play time
Breed
A variety of animal within a species. There are many breeds of dogs, but they all belong to the same species (Canis familiaris).
Canid (family Canidae)
A member of the carnivorous family of mammals called Canidae, which includes foxes, wolves, dogs, jackals and coyotes.
Carnivore
An animal whose diet consists mainly or entirely of meat. Carnivores are usually predators and hunt other animals. They are well-adapted for hunting and have strong jaws and teeth. Some carnivores will eat plant material as well as meat.
Crepuscular
Active during the evening and early morning hours.
Crossbred dogs
Dogs that have bred randomly rather than through artificial selection. The opposite of purebred.
Domesticate
To change from a wild to a tame state.
Natural selection
The mechanism of change and survival influenced by adapting to environmental factors.
Nocturnal
Active at night.
Omnivore
An animal that will eat both plants and meat.
Pack
A group of closely related animals that live and hunt together.
Purebred Dog
Dogs bred from members of a recognized breed over many generations through artificial selection. The opposite of crossbred.

Canine Corner | Kids' Habitat

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