Family: NYMPHALIDAE (Brushfooted Butterflies)
The species name coenia derives from the Greek kionos, meaning common.
The Common Buckeye is brown with a single large eye spot on each of its upper forewings and two eye spots, one large and one smaller, on its upper hindwings. Each of the upper forewings also has two orange bars on the leading edge. The underside of the hindwing ranges from brown or tan in summer (wet season) to rose red in the fall (dry season). Wing span ranges from 1 5/8 - 2 1/4 inches. Caterpillars are black and spiny.
Range and Habitat
The Common Buckeye can be found throughout California and the southern United States and moves into northern California, northern New Mexico, and Kansas as the season progresses (usually by June). Its preferred habitats are generally open, sunny spaces, including beaches and fields.
Females lay eggs
singly on the leaves of various hosts, including plants from the plantain
family (Plantago spp.), the snapdragon family (Antirrhinum
spp.), as well as Seep Spring Mimulus (Mimulus guttatus), Owl's Clover
(Orthocarpus purpurascens), Speedwell (Veronica americana)
and Mat Grass (Lippia nodiflora).
Related or Similar Species
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